The word research comes from the French word, 'recerche' or th "act of searching closely,". Galileo Galilei was an Italian astronomer and made many scientific insights that guided future scientists. Galileo was a natural philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician who found discoveries in the sciences of motion, astronomy, the strength of materials and developed the scientific method.
Gallei, G. (1610). Sidereus Nuncius. Retrieved from http://people.reed.edu/~wieting/mathematics537/SideriusNuncius.pdf
Online Etymology Dictionary. (n.d.). Research
Space.com. (n.d.) Galileo Galilei: Biography, Inventions & Other Facts. Retrieved from https://www.space.com/15589-galileo-galilei.html